Stock Market

What are Nifty50 and BSE Sensex?

Avatar of Shabnam Dhar

Stock markets facilitate individual and institutional investors to trade in bonds, mutual funds, derivatives, and shares of different companies in a public venue. Stock market investment is one such lucrative option where traders can generate high returns over the years. You can also do intraday trading, or keep your funds for a long time. You can buy a stock more than once and can make notable profits in the coming time. Before investing in any stock, you should get information about it properly. Because if the stock market value decreases, then you can suffer loss. 

You have to find the best stock exchange for you to invest in stocks. In today’s time, many stock trading applications have come out in the market. You can also find out the best stock indices for yourself, which represent different sectors of the Indian economy. Nifty50 and BSE SENSEX are the two main stock indices in India.

Let’s understand Nifty50 and Sensex in more detail:


The NIFTY 50 is a benchmark Indian stock market index by the National Stock Exchange (NSE), the leading government-owned stock exchange of India. It represents the weighted average of 50 of the largest Indian companies listed on NSE. NSE Indices own and manage Nifty 50. The NSE Strategic Investment Corporation Limited wholly owned this subsidiary. As of 30 April 2021, the NIFTY 50 index covers 13 sectors of the Indian economy, individuals and stockbrokers can go for the Indian market in one portfolio. The type of Nifty 50 index is Large Cap. It was launched on 22 April 1996. There are many stock indices of Nifty, and Nifty50 is one of them. It is very popular among investors. 

50 Listed Companies in NSE

Company NameSymbolSector
Adani PortsADANIPORTS.NSInfrastructure
Asian PaintsASIANPAINT.NSConsumer Goods
Axis BankAXISBANK.NSBanking
Bajaj AutoBAJAJ-AUTO.NSAutomobile
Bajaj FinanceBAJFINANCE.NSFinancial Services
Bajaj FinservBAJAJFINSV.NSFinancial Services
Bharti AirtelBHARTIARTL.NSTelecommunication
Bharat PetroleumBPCL.NSEnergy – Oil & Gas
Britannia IndustriesBRITANNIA.NSConsumer Goods
Coal IndiaCOALINDIA.NSMetals
Divi’s LaboratoriesDIVISLAB.NSPharmaceuticals
Dr. Reddy’s LaboratoriesDRREDDY.NSPharmaceuticals
Eicher MotorsEICHERMOT.NSAutomobile
Grasim IndustriesGRASIM.NSCement
HCL TechnologiesHCLTECH.NSInformation Technology
HDFCHDFC.NSFinancial Services
HDFC LifeHDFCLIFE.NSFinancial Services
Hero MotoCorpHEROMOTOCO.NSAutomobile
Hindalco IndustriesHINDALCO.NSMetals
Hindustan UnileverHINDUNILVR.NSConsumer Goods
IndusInd BankINDUSINDBK.NSBanking
InfosysINFY.NSInformation Technology
Indian Oil CorporationIOC.NSEnergy – Oil & Gas
ITC LimitedITC.NSConsumer Goods
Kotak Mahindra BankKOTAKBANK.NSBanking
Larsen & ToubroLT.NSConstruction
Mahindra & MahindraM&M.NSAutomobile
Maruti SuzukiMARUTI.NSAutomobile
Nestlé IndiaNESTLEIND.NSConsumer Goods
NTPCNTPC.NSEnergy – Power
Oil and Natural Gas CorporationONGC.NSEnergy – Oil & Gas
Power Grid Corporation of IndiaPOWERGRID.NSEnergy – Power
Reliance IndustriesRELIANCE.NSEnergy – Oil & Gas
State Bank of IndiaSBIN.NSBanking
SBI Life Insurance CompanySBILIFE.NSFinancial Services
Shree CementsSHREECEM.NSCement
Sun PharmaceuticalSUNPHARMA.NSPharmaceuticals
Tata MotorsTATAMOTORS.NSAutomobile
Tata SteelTATASTEEL.NSMetals
Tata Consultancy ServicesTCS.NSInformation Technology
Tata Consumer ProductsTATACONSUM.NSConsumer Goods
Tech MahindraTECHM.NSInformation Technology
Titan CompanyTITAN.NSConsumer Durables
UltraTech CementULTRACEMCO.NSCement
United Phosphorus LimitedUPL.NSChemicals
WiproWIPRO.NSInformation Technology


The BSE SENSEX is a free-float market-weighted stock market index by Bombay Stock Exchange (BSE), Asia’s oldest stock exchange. It represents 30 well-established companies listed on BSE. It is widely known as the S&P Bombay Stock Exchange Sensitive Index or SENSEX. The stocks of the 30 constituent companies are the largest and most actively traded ones. They come from various industrial sectors of the Indian economy. The BSE SENSEX was launched on January 1, 1986. It is operated by ASIA INDEX Pvt. Ltd. The S&P BSE SENSEX is widely known as the pulse of the domestic stock markets in India. On 25 July 2001, a dollar-linked version named ‘DOLLEX-30’ of the SENSEX was launched by BSE.

30 Listed Companies in BSE Sensex

ASIANPAINT.BOAsian PaintsPaints
AXISBANK.BOAxis BankBankingPrivate
BAJAJ-AUTO.BOBajaj AutoAutomobile
BAJFINANCE.BOBajaj FinanceFinance (NBFC)
BAJAJFINSV.BOBajaj FinservFinance (Investment)
BHARTIARTL.BOBharti AirtelTelecommunications
DRREDDY.BODr Reddy’s LaboratoriesPharmaceuticals
HCLTECH.BOHCL TechnologiesIT Services & Consulting
HDFC.BOHDFCFinance (Housing)
HDFCBANK.BOHDFC BankBankingPrivate
HINDUNILVR.BOHindustan Unilever LimitedFMCG
INDUSINDBK.BOIndusInd BankBankingPrivate
INFY.BOInfosysIT Services & Consulting
ITC.BOITC LimitedCigarettes & FMCG
KOTAKBANK.BOKotak Mahindra BankBankingPrivate
LT.BOLarsen & ToubroEngineering & Construction
M&M.BOMahindra & MahindraAutomobile
MARUTI.BOMaruti SuzukiAutomobile
NTPC.BONTPCPower generation/Distribution
ONGC.BOOil and Natural Gas CorporationOil exploration and Production
POWERGRID.BOPower Grid Corporation of IndiaPower generation/Distribution
RELIANCE.BOReliance Industries LimitedConglomerate
SBIN.BOState Bank of IndiaBankingPublic
SUNPHARMA.BOSun PharmaPharmaceuticals
TCS.BOTata Consultancy ServicesIT Services & Consulting
TECHM.BOTech MahindraIT Services & Consulting
TITAN.BOTitan CompanyDiamond & Jewellery
ULTRACEMCO.BOUltraTech CementCement
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